Hunter Ford Hunter Ford

HTML Emails with Inline Images in Django

For an upcoming party I was having, I decided to create an e-vite like application to send out invitations and allow people to respond via the site. I wanted to include an image in the email, and there just isn't a built-in utility inside Django. So I decided to extend the EmailMultiAlternatives class. Most of the code should be pretty self-explanatory. Also attached is an example of invocation.

import os.path
import re

from email.MIMEBase import MIMEBase

from django.conf import settings
from django.core.mail import EmailMultiAlternatives, SafeMIMEMultipart

class EmailMultiRelated(EmailMultiAlternatives):
    """
    A version of EmailMessage that makes it easy to send multipart/related
    messages. For example, including text and HTML versions with inline images.
    """
    related_subtype = 'related'

    def __init__(self, subject='', body='', from_email=None, to=None, bcc=None,
            connection=None, attachments=None, headers=None, alternatives=None):
        # self.related_ids = []
        self.related_attachments = []
        return super(EmailMultiRelated, self).__init__(subject, body, from_email, to, bcc, connection, attachments, headers, alternatives)

    def attach_related(self, filename=None, content=None, mimetype=None):
        """
        Attaches a file with the given filename and content. The filename can
        be omitted and the mimetype is guessed, if not provided.

        If the first parameter is a MIMEBase subclass it is inserted directly
        into the resulting message attachments.
        """
        if isinstance(filename, MIMEBase):
            assert content == mimetype == None
            self.related_attachments.append(filename)
        else:
            assert content is not None
            self.related_attachments.append((filename, content, mimetype))

    def attach_related_file(self, path, mimetype=None):
        """Attaches a file from the filesystem."""
        filename = os.path.basename(path)
        content = open(path, 'rb').read()
        self.attach_related(filename, content, mimetype)

    def _create_message(self, msg):
        return self._create_attachments(self._create_related_attachments(self._create_alternatives(msg)))

    def _create_alternatives(self, msg):
        for i, (content, mimetype) in enumerate(self.alternatives):
            if mimetype == 'text/html':
                for filename, _, _ in self.related_attachments:
                    content = re.sub(r'(?<!cid:)%s' % re.escape(filename), 'cid:%s' % filename, content)
                self.alternatives[i] = (content, mimetype)

        return super(EmailMultiRelated, self)._create_alternatives(msg)

    def _create_related_attachments(self, msg):
        encoding = self.encoding or settings.DEFAULT_CHARSET
        if self.related_attachments:
            body_msg = msg
            msg = SafeMIMEMultipart(_subtype=self.related_subtype, encoding=encoding)
            if self.body:
                msg.attach(body_msg)
            for related in self.related_attachments:
                msg.attach(self._create_related_attachment(*related))
        return msg

    def _create_related_attachment(self, filename, content, mimetype=None):
        """
        Convert the filename, content, mimetype triple into a MIME attachment
        object. Adjust headers to use Content-ID where applicable.
        Taken from http://code.djangoproject.com/ticket/4771
        """
        attachment = super(EmailMultiRelated, self)._create_attachment(filename, content, mimetype)
        if filename:
            mimetype = attachment['Content-Type']
            del(attachment['Content-Type'])
            del(attachment['Content-Disposition'])
            attachment.add_header('Content-Disposition', 'inline', filename=filename)
            attachment.add_header('Content-Type', mimetype, name=filename)
            attachment.add_header('Content-ID', '<%s>' % filename)
        return attachment

Invocation

msg = EmailMultiRelated('Subject', 'Plain text version', 'John Foo <john@foo.com>', ['Jane Bar <jane@bar.com'])

html = '<html><body><p>This is my nicely <strong>formatted</strong> message. <a href="mailto:john@foo.com">Email</a> me back.</p><img src="inline.jpg"></body></html'

msg.attach_alternative(html, 'text/html')

for image in event.attachment_set.all():
    msg.attach_related_file(image.file.path)

ics_data = '''BEGIN:VCALENDAR
PRODID:-//HunterFord//EN
VERSION:2.0
BEGIN:VEVENT
URL:http://example.com
DTSTART:20101001T200000
DTEND:20101001T235959
SUMMARY:Fall is in the Air
ORGANIZER;CN=John Foo:MAILTO:john@foo.com
LOCATION:Home
DESCRIPTION:
PRIORITY:3
END:VEVENT
END:VCALENDAR'''

msg.attach('event.ics', ics_data, 'text/calendar')
msg.send()

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Comments

  • yohann

    Hi, There is a problem with your exemple, 'event' is not defined. I try with 'for image in msg.attachment_set.all():', i have this error : AttributeError: 'EmailMultiRelated' object has no attribute 'attachment_set' According to http://hdknr.github.com/docs/django/modules/django/core/mail/message.html#EmailMultiAlternatives EmailMEssage has no attribut attachment_set. Any solution ? (django 1.2.3, Debian 6.0.5)